Competition and the Balance of Powers

Written by Jeremiah Harris on March 31st, 2009

When the animals first declared their independence from human rule, they had begun to establish a society that was capable of overcoming the corruptive forces of power.  In the third chapter George Orwell states: “The animals were happy as they had never conceived it possible to be. Every mouthful of food was an acute positive pleasure, now that it was truly their own food, produced by themselves and for themselves, not doled out to them by a grudging master.”  This illustrates the positive effect of the rebellion before the sudden turn to a tyrannical rule.  Prior to Napoleon’s takeover, the animals felt that they were working together for the good of all.  As well, the animals did not fell that a “leader” was dictating their day to day activities.

This is in stark contrast to the lifestyle after Napoleon’s hostile take over of the loose democracy through his enforcing party of dogs.  Before this, it appears that the society has a two-party system similar to the democratic/republican system of our time.  This two-party system allowed the animals to hear both sides of an argument and then make a decision about how to proceed as a whole.  In order to prevent this from happening there is a necessity of multiple parties competing for a voice in government.  If one party manages to obtain enough power to squash the minority opinion, then this party will begin to feel the corrupting forces of power.  Essentially, competition, as in a capitalistic society, will keep any one group from gaining more power then it can safely handle.     


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